About Discover Forgiveness

Discover Forgiveness is a digital hub on the benefits of forgiveness. It showcases academic research on the science of forgiveness and accessible tools to reach forgiveness.

Our goal is to share how the science of forgiveness is interwoven across cultures and contexts, geographies and traditions. Discover and explore the threads of this tapestry, and learn how forgiveness research can be made accessible and actionable for people around the world - in their individual lives and within their communities.

Discover Forgiveness will continue to enhance and expand its library of content over time so please check back for the latest tools and research.

Interested in joining us or contributing?
Contact us at team@discoverforgiveness.org

What will I find here?

Science and tools that make forgiveness accessible.

Learn about the benefits of forgiveness with resources that include research from experts and pioneering voices in the field of forgiveness, as well as practical workbooks and tools that you can start to use today.


Based on rigorous science, tools and data-driven innovations have been developed to make forgiveness accessible to anyone.


Discover Forgiveness showcases a growing body of evidence on the healing power of forgiveness. This includes nearly 70 studies on the improvements in mental health outcomes such as depression, anger, hostility, and stress, and decreases physical health risks like blood high pressure, heart rate, and cortisol.


Discover Forgiveness aims to ignite a global conversation. Through a series of Forgiveness Forum convenings and thought leadership, and by engaging a worldwide community of practice, people everywhere are beginning to explore and experience the benefits of forgiveness.

How do I find what I’m looking for?

Discover Forgiveness is a comprehensive digital hub of forgiveness research. These resources have been compiled and categorized by topic, location, and professional application.

Forgiveness research has wide ranging implications for many aspects of culture, society, and daily life. Content is broken into four main themes, which closely align to the work of frontline forgiveness workers.

Researchers are proving the power of forgiveness in regions all over the world. Explore how the field is being shaped by global experts and informed by global contexts.

View all resources

How do I read the resources?

Each tool and research paper is represented by one piece of fabric. The color and pattern are based on its audience and geographic focus.


Forgiveness research has wide ranging implications for many aspects of culture, society, and daily life.

  • Physical and mental health: This research illustrates how forgiveness can help improve human health, psychology, longevity, and happiness.
  • Policy: This research shows the implications of forgiveness on government, law, societal structures, and workforces.
  • Education: This research relates to the use of forgiveness for schools, teaching, and pedagogical frameworks.
  • Religion: This research demonstrates how forgiveness intersects with faith communities, organized religion, spirituality, and a belief in the divine.
Open Access

Any paper tagged as Open Access has been published in an Open Access source and is available to readers free of charge. This is in contrast to publications for which readers must pay through an online transaction or through existing personal or institutional subscriptions.

Sample Size

This refers to the number of participants or participant groups in a study reporting new data. Sample characteristics, such as size and manner of selection, are important considerations in assessing how well a study's findings can be generalized beyond the sample studied.

Type of Paper

This refers to the methodology utilized in the paper. Primary empirical studies report on observed and measured phenomena, deriving conclusions from specific interventions.

Integrative/synthetic reviews are based on empirical studies but capture a multidisciplinary and comprehensive picture. Theoretical/conceptual reviews evaluate existing theory, philosophy and conceptual models related to forgiveness to draw new conclusions

Our Team

Discover Forgiveness is a joint initiative of the Templeton World Charity Foundation (TWCF) and the John Templeton Foundation (JTF), and is supported by a Forgiveness Scientific Advisory Council.

Since 1996, Templeton World Charity Foundation (TWCF) has supported new discoveries at the intersection of science, theology, philosophy, and society. Founded by Sir John Templeton, TWCF fosters ambitious thinking, bold experimentation, and creative communications.

Founded in 1987, the John Templeton Foundation supports research and catalyzes conversations that inspire people with awe and wonder. The Foundation funds work on subjects ranging from black holes and evolution to creativity, forgiveness, and free will, and encourages civil, informed dialogue among scientists, philosophers, theologians, and the public at large.

Templeton’s Forgiveness Scientific Advisory Council includes representatives from around the world with interdisciplinary expertise in the science of forgiveness and related fields. To ensure the validity of the science and a balanced perspective, this nine-member group helps inform strategy, recommends valuable research materials and amplifies messaging within the academic community.

Our Team

Heather Templeton Dill
President, John Templeton Foundation

Heather Templeton Dill is president of the John Templeton Foundation. Prior to assuming this role in 2015, she served as executive liaison to the president under her father, the late Dr. Jack Templeton. Dill is the granddaughter of the late Sir John Templeton.

Dill has spoken at various venues on living in a pluralistic world, on the research-supported benefits of a life of purpose, as well as the importance of intellectual humility. In 2020, she received the Citizen Diplomat of the Year Award, from Citizen Diplomacy International Philadelphia, jointly with Jennifer Templeton Simpson, and she was selected by Main Line Today magazine for its 2019 Women on the Move issue. Prior to joining the Foundation, Dill taught high-school level history, government, and economics. She also served as a trustee of the John Templeton Foundation from 1997-2003 and 2009-2015 and has been a member of the Foundation’s executive, finance, and strategic planning committees. Dill previously served on the Templeton Religion Trust steering committee and the Templeton World Charity Foundation board and is currently a member of the board of First Trust Bank Limited. She holds a master’s degree in American history from Villanova University.

Tina Cambridge
President & COO, Templeton World Charity Foundation

Immediately before coming to TWCF, Tina spent over thirty years in the insurance industry, most recently having led and developed the Caribbean operations with a focus on employee benefits programs for one of the world’s leading Insurers, Generali Worldwide. She also previously served as a Director of Care Management Network Inc, a separate Generali-owned entity specializing in the coordination of worldwide medical services and cost containment initiatives.

Tina received a law degree with honors from the University Wolverhampton, as well as a certificate in Alternative Dispute Resolution from the University of Windsor. She has been designated a Certified Manager by the Institute of Certified Professional Managers and maintains an Association with the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. She is a founding member of the Bahamas Chapter of CIArb and is a Chartered Director (C.Dir.) having held membership in the Caribbean Institute of Directors.  

Tina was appointed a Justice of the Peace for the Commonwealth of the Bahamas under the Magistrate’s Act by order of the Governor General in 2017.

Advisory Committee

Rachel Bird

Rachel Bird has over 25 years’ experience working on issues of peace, social justice, migration and the environment. She most recently served six years as Director of The Forgiveness Project, stepping down in February 2024 after a total of 12 years working with the organisation.

Agustin Porres

Agustin is an experienced Education and Public Policy professional with successful achievements in the development of innovative approaches to education and the development of creative solutions to solve challenges around education.

Mwasi Willmore

Mwasi Wilmore is the Chief Executive Officer of Ubongo International. A global citizen with African roots, she's driven by building a shared sense of humanity, creating a better future through actionable initiatives and leaving the world a better place than she found it.

Canon Sarah Snyder

Canon Sarah Snyder has over thirty years of experience working with communities and senior religious figures around the world to promote faith-based ways of finding peace and rebuilding relationships.

Imam Mohamed Magid

Imam Mohamed Magid is the Executive Imam of All Dulles Area Muslim Society (ADAMS) Center in Sterling, Virginia.  He is the Chairman of International Interfaith Peace Corps (IIPC) and the former President of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA). He is also the Chairman of Muflehun, a think tank which focuses on confronting violent extremist thought through research-driven preventative programs within a religious paradigm.

Peli Galiti

Peli Galiti, a research scholar in the Educational Psychology Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has a Ph. D in Educational Psychology from the University of Athens-Greece and a M. Ed in School Counseling from the University of Missouri-St. Louis. She is currently the director of the Greek Forgiveness Education Program and has trained over 1000 teachers. Her research interests include Forgiveness Education and its application in the schools of Greece. She is the author of three books on the implementation of Forgiveness Education and has been selected by the Institute of International Education to teach Forgiveness to postgraduate students at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

Shani Tran

I get asked what is my style and modality? To be honest I just love sitting in the company of people who aren't used to feeling seen and heard. I see a person first and then together we come up with goals for therapy. My number one goal is to give you a safe place to own it. When we own our healing journey, it is ours and we can show up authentically in our lives. That's the part of therapy that I LOVE.

Ufra Mir

Ufra Mir is a peace-psychologist, peace scholar-activist, and a passionate positive changemaker, is a UWC scholar and a graduate of Luther College (USA) and the University of Nottingham (UK). Ufra is the first and only peace-psychologist from Kashmir and South-Asia; and has been creatively exploring and actively working at the intersection of peacebuilding, psychology, transformation and changemaking for a decade now, both in local and international contexts.

Phoebe Tickell

Phoebe Tickell is a renegade scientist, systems thinker and social entrepreneur, passionate about creating opportunities for transformation of people - and through that, transformation of society and the planet.

Igor Grossmann

Igor Grossmann is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Waterloo, Canada, where he leads the Wisdom and Culture Lab. As a behavioral/social scientist, Grossmann has been working on demystifying what makes up a “wise” judgment in the context of revolving societal and cultural changes. His chief work aims to uncover misconceptions about wisdom and societal change and identifying cultural and psychological processes that enable people to think and act wisely. He is an Associate Editor of the flagship journal for Social and Personality Psychology—Social Psychological and Personality Science, and co-hosts the “On Wisdom Podcast,” aiming to disseminate scientific insights from cognitive and social sciences to the broad academic audience and the general public.

Thomas Burnett

Thomas Burnett is the assistant director of communications at the John Templeton Foundation. He is responsible for identifying the most thought-provoking, under-appreciated, and potentially beneficial findings from recent research initiatives. As an editor and storyteller, he explores the questions raised by this research through creative narratives to reach a wide audience.

Before joining the Foundation, Thomas worked in communications at the National Academy of Sciences. Prior to that, he worked for BioLogos as well as the AAAS Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion. He also served as a Rotary Ambassadorial Scholar in Innsbruck, Austria. Mr. Burnett received his B.A. in philosophy from Rice University and pursued his doctoral studies in the history of science at University of California, Berkeley.

Lola Kola

Dr Lola Kola (PhD) is a National Institute of Health (NIH-US) Emerging Global Leader currently affiliated to the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry College of Medicine University of Ibadan, Nigeria. She is committed to mental health service delivery and research to improve public health services and policy in low-middle-income countries (LMICs), and research has been supported by the National Institute of Health, Medical Research Council, UK, Wellcome Trust, European Commission, Grand Challenges Canada, and International Development Research Centre Canada. She served as National Consultant for mental health at the World Health Organisation, office in Abuja Nigeria between 2011 - 2014. Her current research projects are on addressing mental health and wellbeing in young mothers with perinatal depression.

Sonia Carrillo

Sonia Carillo is a psychologist from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. She has a Ph.D. degree in Developmental Psychology and Education from the University of Texas-Austin. She is an Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology at the Universidad de Los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia). She co-directs a research group that focuses on significant-close relationships across the life span. In recent years she has been studying character strengths and well-being in children and adolescents, and she and her research team got a Templeton grant to develop a gratitude curriculum for elementary schools in Bogotá.

Suzanne Freedman

Suzanne Freedman, Ph.D., is a Professor of Human Development in the Educational Psychology, Foundations, and Leadership Studies department at the University of Northern Iowa in Cedar Falls, Iowa. She earned both her Masters’ degree and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and was the recipient of the APA Dissertation Award in 1993 for her groundbreaking research on forgiveness and incest survivors, published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Suzanne has been studying the topic of forgiveness for over 30 years and her publications focus on the psychology of interpersonal forgiveness and forgiveness education with children, adolescents, and adults. Suzanne Freedman also teaches a class on The Psychology of Interpersonal Forgiveness at UNI and is the recent author of the curriculum, The Courage to Forgive: Educating Elementary School Children About Forgiveness.

Loren L. Toussaint

Loren L. Toussaint is a professor of psychology at Luther College in Decorah, Iowa, president of the Forgiveness Foundation International, and associate director of the Sierra Leone Forgiveness Program. He directs the Laboratory for the Investigation of Mind, Body, and Spirit that studies virtues, especially forgiveness, and how these constructs are related to health and well-being (www.luther.edu/touslo01). He encourages “everyday forgiveness” to build resilience and minimize stress in families, schools, healthcare, workplaces, and communities.

Beverly Pringle

Beverly Pringle, Ph.D., retired in 2019 from the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health, where she was Director of the Center for Global Mental Health Research. Previously, Beverly served as Chief of the Services Research Branch at the National Institute on Drug Abuse. She also provided technical assistance to the Mozambique Ministry of Health under the auspices of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Before joining the government, Beverly was Senior Research Associate & Managing Director at Policy Studies Associates, where she directed policy research in education. She began her professional life as a teacher and school administrator of bilingual education for children of migrant farmworkers.

Christian B. Miller

Christian B. Miller is the A. C. Reid Professor of Philosophy at Wake Forest University. He is currently the Director of the, Honest Project funded by a $4.4 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation. In recent years he was the Philosophy Director of the Beacon Project, funded by a $3.9 million grant from Templeton Religion Trust, and the Director of the Character Project, funded by $5.6 million in grants from the John Templeton Foundation and Templeton World Charity Foundation. He is the author of over 100 academic papers as well as Moral Psychology with Cambridge University Press (2021) and four books with Oxford University Press, Moral Character: An Empirical Theory (2013), Character and Moral Psychology (2014), The Character Gap: How Good Are We? (2017), and Honesty: The Philosophy and Psychology of a Neglected Virtue (2021). He is a science contributor for Forbes, and his writings have also appeared in The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Dallas Morning News, Slate, The Conversation, Newsweek, Aeon, and Christianity Today. Miller is the editor or co-editor of Essays in the Philosophy of Religion (OUP), Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology (OUP), Moral Psychology, Volume V: Virtue and Character (MIT Press), Integrity, Honesty, and Truth Seeking (OUP), and The Continuum Companion to Ethics (Continuum Press).

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